This is Part 4 of a five-part posting on notes taken from Rick Richardson‘s talks at the annual Pastor’s Family Camp that we attend at Inter Varsity’s Cedar Campus in Cedarville, Michigan. Rick heads up Wheaton College’s Masters in Evangelism and Leadership and is a leading expert on various missional movements in the United States.
One key to leadership in some missional movements is understanding Ephesians 4:7-16 in terms of the architecture of church ministry.
The Way it has been preached –
- 1-10 (unity, bond of peace) and 11-16 (leadership)
- Leaders equip member to minister, and everyone loves each other.
But there is another view – Marcus Barth
- V7 is the beginning of the section
- V11 – “some to be apostles…” Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists, Shepherds, and Teachers (APEST)
- 5-fold gifting is the basic make-up of the church. APEST are not leadership gifts – these are the basic architecture of the church – everyone has either A, P, E, S, or T (or some combination)
- It’s not the APEST who prepare God’s people, but Christ himself. We equip one another.
Does this view do away with leadership? No. Christ is leader of it all.
Christendom pushed out Apostle, Prophet, Evangelist.
Christendom institutionalized pastor and teacher to maintain ministry.
Christendom divided the gifts.
Church needs to recapture the 5-fold gifts.
Missional Leadership Team –
[Some ways of looking at each APEST gift along with some vulnerabilities]
APOSTLE – Missional
- Custodian of DNA
- Hard-charging, autocratic, pressure, wounds people, can heap it on.
PROPHET – Incarnational
- Guardian of the Covenant
- Questioner of the status quo
- Factious and Dogmatic in approach
EVANGELIST – Attractional
- Connector to a cause
- Story teller
- Doesn’t care about people
SHEPHERD – Communal
- Social integrator
- Can’t pass on faith
TEACHER – Instructional
- Mediator of wisdom and understanding
- Trainer, educator
- Theological information
- Moralistic and uptight
- Throws bombs
Goal is synergy – combined leadership team with APEST.
The barriers are the clergy and the people.
Not living up to the expectations, our soul gets stuffed into a box.
Clericalism is an idolatry – desire to be ordained can be an idolatrous desire.